The DUMB Framework

NOTE: This framework was first developed by me (Adam Juda) in November of 2017.

Why Smart People Should Use DUMB

The sales process is little more than the act of negotiation. The stronger a participant's bargaining position, the more power he has to command a premium price.

DUMB is an analysis framework that vendors can use to estimate their pricing power and identify potential avenues for increasing it.

The Four DUMB Metrics

Metric Question
(of the vendor)
How early into the buying process will a potential customer recognize the offering as being a potential solution to his problem?
(of the buyer)
What is the strength of desire and immediacy of purchasing intent?
(of the pitch)
How effectively can the vendor's messaging entice buyers to make a purchase?
(to the purchase)
How problematic is the buying process?

DUMB Features

DUMB Evaluation Criteria

Discoverability of the Vendor

How early into the buying process will a potential customer recognize the offering as being a potential solution to his problem?

The most efficient and effective means of increasing discoverability will differ from industry to industry and, in many cases, from firm to firm. That said, here are a few questions that may prove relevant when analyzing a firm's discoverability:

A given product might be best in class, but it means nothing if potential buyers are unaware that it exists.

It is important to note that discoverability requires more than simple brand awareness. Additionally, customers must recognize that an offering can solve, mitigate, or otherwise address his problem. The question is not one of whether or not an offering is a strong contender (a likely order winner), so much as if it is a potential contender at all (an order qualifier).

I've prepared a discoverability guide for further ideas.

Urgency of the Buyer

What is the strength of desire and immediacy of purchasing intent?

This metric deals specifically with the buyer's mindset and sense of urgency, rather than his actual urgency. In other words, a buyer will pay no heed to an unknown need. Note that buyers' assessments of needs, benefits and penalties can vary wildly from their true magnitudes of importance.

The primary questions asked for this metric include variations upon the following:

In some cases, the urgency of a given buyer may be obvious. In other cases, a vendor may only be aware of urgency on an aggregate level for potential buyers.

The more high touch the sales processes, the more likely a salesman will be able to uncover a buyer's true level of urgency. Unfortunately, lengthy discovery sessions may prove too expensive (in terms of time and money) for both buyer and seller. Thus, many firms should consider tiered pricing and other techniques as a more efficient alternative to high-touch salesmanship.

Of the DUMB framework's four components, urgency is the most difficult for vendors to control. As such, most small and mid-sized firms may simply choose to analyze the level of buyer urgency, rather than attempting to manipulate or increase it.

That said, large and well-connected firms have found great success in increasing customer urgency through the use of lobbying, trade associations, educational groups, and even criminal enterprises. Examples of such means include the introduction of new legal requirements, financial penalties, trade restrictions, public shaming and even extortion.

Mesmerism of the Pitch

How effectively can the vendor's messaging entice buyers to make a purchase?

The effectiveness of the pitch depends upon salesmanship and messaging, though the product itself may play a significant role as well. Except in cases of outright fraud, the product's features, drawbacks, and benefits will likely limit the scope and substance of the pitch presented to potential buyers.

There are entire books devoted to the subject of evaluating pitches, but the following questions will likely need to be posed:

It should be noted that of the four measures, urgency and mesmerism are the two that are most closely linked. Buyers with an extreme sense of urgency may require substantially lower levels of mesmerism before making a purchase at a given price. Of course, the opposite is also true.

Note: Some parties may be unfamiliar with the word mesmerism (spellbinding hypnosis). In such cases, the words magnetism or messaging may be substituted.

Barriers to the Purchase

How problematic is the buying process?

The elimination of roadblocks in the buyer's journey is often (though not exclusively) a matter of process improvement on the part of the vendor.

There are countless types of potential barriers, but many can be classified as a cost (monetary or otherwise) levied upon the buyer that provides negligible benefit to the vendor.

Although many in the business world assume that the barriers exist only toward the end of a sales process, they can appear at any point. Many vendors simply ignore barriers early in the sales process or even place them there intentionally in an attempt to minimize average costs per sale.

Here are a few sample questions that vendors should ask themselves when analyzing barriers to a purchase:

Although some firms may find barrier reduction to be a very cost-effective means of increasing pricing power, this method should not be viewed as a panacea.

Managers at large established companies will be quick to point out the significant political capital required to organize and affect change across their many departments.

As such, elimination of barriers to purchase has the potential to provide a powerful comparative advantage for smaller and more nimble firms.

DUMB Limitations

The DUMB model, while incredibly useful and powerful, has several limitations that should be noted:

DUMB in a Nutshell

The DUMB analysis framework is a powerful tool that has the potential to become a standard for understanding pricing power in the business world.

Its usage will increase firm profitability by providing managers with insights into their current pricing power as well as avenues for increasing it.

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P.S. If you need help applying DUMB to your business, feel free to contact me!